Today: 21 2018 June
Need to recognize that people think is extremely rare. The vast majority of what the average person makes throughout his life, he does automatically sensing the surrounding edge of consciousness and intellectual activity in the best case refers to the work. Meanwhile, any thinking is a creative process. Why do people need to think about?
Dmitry Chernyshev in the book "How people think" (publishing house "Mann, Ivanov and Ferber") provides an answer to this question.
According to the author, all people on the planet think alike. Can you imagine what you think in the same way as, say, Leo Tolstoy? "Of course not - you will answer. - He was a genius. " The author assures us that everything depends not on different ways of thinking. Just usually we encounter a problem, thinking about her decision and stop after the first suitable option. Think small. Operate within, afraid of them quit. And geniuses - they do not stop the thought process until they find a big decision. They easily break patterns go beyond.
Thinking is a very costly process. Our brain is only 2% of body weight, and in a quiet state consumes about 10% of all energy in the body. When a person begins to think intensively, the energy consumption increases to 20-25%. Once a person has learned something new, he stops thinking about it. It's like riding a bicycle - everything is done "on the machine". And even think about how to maintain balance, not worth it - you can immediately fall. In the case of a real danger, when a person has only three decisions - to freeze, flee or attack, a small mental delay can cost lives. But thinking makes a person much stronger. Education teaches him to look for non-standard options.
Alberto Manguel in The History of Reading writes that in the 18th century, a law was strictly enacted in South Carolina that strictly forbids all Negroes, whether slaves or free ones, anyway, to learn to read. Nobody canceled it until the middle of the XIX century. "The first time you were caught reading and writing, you were flogged with a hide from a cowhide, for the second time a nine-tailed whip, and the third time you cut off the phalanx of the index finger." Throughout the South, it was usual to hang a slave who taught to read his comrades. Even at the end of the nineteenth century, there was a theory that much to learn is harmful. In the United States, the report "The relationship between education and insanity" was published. After studying the 1741 case of insanity, the author came to the conclusion that in 205 cases, its cause was overload with occupations - "education lays the foundation for many cases of mental illness".
Teachers were concerned that children do not learn too much. They sought to reduce the hours allotted to study, as long breaks warned harming mind. Echoes of these prejudices have survived to our time. In elementary school topics were long enough. Bright and talented children get bored, and they're slowly dimmed. No, there were, of course, exceptions - a talented teacher could make a miracle. But many of you met? Two? Three? If there are - consider yourself very lucky.
But our children will have to compete not only with their classmates and with the world, speaking about the intellectual and creative specialties.
And this is already happening. It is impossible to avoid this, but you can prepare for this. You asked: "Why should you think?" The ability to come up sharply increases your chances in the competition. The world is changing very quickly. Soon the concept itself will disappear: a completed higher education. Because it's complete nonsense. Education can only be unfinished. A person must learn new things all his life. Otherwise, it will simply be noncompetitive. We very often misinterpret Darwin. He never said that the strongest survives. The world in this case would be inhabited only by tyrannosaurs and saber-toothed tigers. "Survival is not the strongest, but the most receptive to change."
On materials: domashniy.ru