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On the creative thinking, or why we need to think

Need to recognize that people think is extremely rare. The vast majority of what the average person makes throughout his life, he does automatically sensing the surrounding edge of consciousness and intellectual activity in the best case refers to the work. Meanwhile, any thinking is a creative process. Why do people need to think about?

Dmitry Chernyshev in the book "How people think" (publishing house "Mann, Ivanov and Ferber") provides an answer to this question.

According to the author, all people on the planet think alike. Can you imagine what you think in the same way as, say, Leo Tolstoy? "Of course not - you will answer. - He was a genius. " The author assures us that everything depends not on different ways of thinking. Just usually we encounter a problem, thinking about her decision and stop after the first suitable option. Think small. Operate within, afraid of them quit. And geniuses - they do not stop the thought process until they find a big decision. They easily break patterns go beyond.

Thinking - a very expensive process. Our brain is only 2% of body weight, and in a calm state consumes about 10% of all energy in the body. When a person begins to think intensively, the power consumption increases to 20-25%. Once a person has learned something new, he stops to think about it. It's like riding a bike - all done "on automatic." And even think about how to keep your balance, you should not - you can just fall. In the case of real danger, when a person has only three solutions - freeze, flee or attack, the thinking small delay could cost lives. But thinking makes a person much more. Education teaches him to look for unconventional options.

Alberto Manguel in "Reading Stories" writes that in the XVIII century in South Carolina passed a law strictly prohibits all blacks, anyway, slaves or free, learn to read. It has not been canceled until the middle of the XIX century. "The first time when you were caught reading and writing, you flogged with a whip of cowhide, for the second time relied whip-devyatihvostka, and the third time you cut off a phalanx of the index finger." Throughout the South was commonplace hang slave who taught reading his comrades. Back in the late XIX century there was a theory that a lot to learn - is harmful. In the U.S., a report was published "Relationship Education and insanity." After examining the case 1741 insanity, the author concluded that 205 cases it was the cause overload classes - "education lays the foundation for many cases of mental illness."

Teachers were concerned that children do not learn too much. They sought to reduce the hours allotted to study, as long breaks warned harming mind. Echoes of these prejudices have survived to our time. In elementary school topics were long enough. Bright and talented children get bored, and they're slowly dimmed. No, there were, of course, exceptions - a talented teacher could make a miracle. But many of you met? Two? Three? If there are - consider yourself very lucky.

But our children will have to compete not only with their classmates and with the world, speaking about the intellectual and creative specialties.

And this is already happening. Avoid this is impossible, but you can prepare for it. You asked: "Why should I think?" The ability to come up dramatically increases your chances in the competition. The world is changing very quickly. Soon disappear very concept: a university degree. Because this is nonsense. Education can only be incomplete. Man must learn a new life. Otherwise, it will simply not competitive. We very often misinterpret Darwin. He never said that the survival of the fittest. Peace in this case would be inhabited only tyrannosaurs and saber-toothed tigers. "Survival is not the strongest, and most receptive to change."

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