Between the ancient kingdoms of Kourion and Amathus located after the second largest city of Nicosia, Cyprus - Limassol.
Kingdom of Amathus 1191 year was destroyed by Richard the Lionheart. Perhaps at the same time the foundation was laid in Limassol (Lemesos). People found burial dating II millennium BC, said that the settlement is formed much earlier.
At the time when Richard Lionheart arrived in Cyprus, the island was part of the Byzantine Empire, and his head was Isaac Komnin, a relative of the emperor. There is an opinion that initially the English king did not plan the conquest of the island, however, after the ship of his bride Berengaria of the Navarre storm was nailed to shore, and Isaac, who did not like the Latins, did not help them, moreover, did not even allow them to land , angry Richard, swam followed by another ship, descended to the shore of Limassol and ordered his inhabitants to pay tribute to the Crusaders. It was here, in Lemassol, that Richard married Berengaria. The Byzantine church, where the ceremony was held, was destroyed by an earthquake, and in its place by the Templars, and later the Lusignans built a castle that was demolished and rebuilt. Now in this castle are the Museum of Archeology and the Museum of Medieval Cyprus.
After the reign of the city owned Lusignan Venetians, Ottomans and British. If the Venetians were interested only in taxes received from Cyprus, the efforts of the British Limassol became the largest shopping center and a huge port, it is so it remained to this day.
In 3 km west of the temple of Apollo was located Curio Hilatskogo, majestic ruins of which can still be seen today.
The Crusaders, having possession of Cyprus, there developed a stormy economic activity. From built in the XV century castle Kolossi Order of ion exchangers controlled by vineyards and plantations of sugar cane. It is here produced wine Commandaria, which is the same as the Baths of Aphrodite - the most important attractions of Limassol and Cyprus in general. In honor of this wine was named, and the area where it is produced.
British built a seaport through which today most of the products are exported to Cyprus and from the same source sent passenger marine vessels.
Limassol district for the last two decades have been built up with hotels, we offer more than a hundred. In itouge the city became one of the main centers of tourism in Cyprus is concentrated specifics of recreation and life on the island of Aphrodite. The unique beauty of the Mediterranean coast, mild climate and decent accommodations do Limassol most attractive holiday destination. Here are placed almost all well-known wineries.
If Nicosia attractions which not less unique, considered the administrative capital of the Republic, the Limassol - the main business center of the country. Most offshore companies have established their offices in Limassol. Convenient location of the city and the hospitality of local residents attract most foreigners. For example, many Russians choose this place for permanent residence. Here are more of them than any other city in Cyprus.
Limassol Cyprus is home to the carnival, there is the famous Cypriot wine festival.
City stretches along the coast from west to east, nearly 15 km. Limassol has three main tourist areas: the central area (Old Town), Potamos Yermasoyias (5 km from the center) and Amathus (8 km from the center). Most hotels have their sandy beaches, offering a huge range of water sports and entertainment. Architectural and historic sites are concentrated in the central part of the city. In the old city is better to walk on foot, so you can feel the spirit of ancient Limassol.
If you come not only rest on Cyprus, Limassol can additionally offer excellent opportunities for shopping. For an active holiday there is everything you need: an endless series of restaurants, bars, taverns and nightclubs around the clock offering entertainment for every taste and wealth.
The beach area of Limassol begins at the end of the eastern Palm Tree Promenade and stretches towards Larnaca 10 km. On a rental car, you can ride to the ruins of the ancient Kourion, ibid nearby beach Curium Beach. All the beaches of Limassol for free, but for a sunbed and parasol will need to pay.
The city and its surrounding area has a lot of curious and interesting monuments and attractions that have great historical value.
Limassol recognized as a center of business activity in Cyprus, is a haven for offshore companies, fruit and wine center "capital" of the island.
Limassol - a port city on 15km stretches along the southern coast of Cyprus. Here lives a 150 thousand inhabitants, but during the peak tourist season the population increases manifold.
Habitat for most tourists is a large area to the east of the Old Port. This is where the center of Limassol tourist infrastructure: hotels, hotels, private pensions. Most of the streets of Limassol stand to walk around them, because here you can see the houses of the old buildings, and visit picturesque coffee shops, cozy restaurants with excellent cuisine and souvenir shops, rich crafts of local artists.
Limassol city holiday, unlike the "museum" of Nicosia, noisy and crowded loves fun, carnivals and similar shows that its incendiary attract visiting onlookers. In February and March, the city is famous carnival Apokreo it Cypriot national pride, the fame of which shatters all the Mediterranean.
July in Limassol given under the influence of art, which are devoted to annual festivals. These days the streets of Limassol transformed into scenic sites, art galleries and concert stage on which artists and bands of all genres and styles.
September welcomes guests flows ruby wine. In his honor organized by the most happy and cheerful holiday island - Wine Festival, where the lovers of this drink from all over the world.
Going on Cyprus, Limassol, tourists should visit necessarily, because this is where a wide range of attractions, museums and archaeological sites. You can visit the distilleries, which serves to observe the process of making wine and taste the final product. Near the Old Harbour Castle, which in 1191 was the marriage of Richard the Lionheart and Berengaria of Navarre, who later became Queen of England.
Next door to the Old Port Castle, where he was awarded 1191 alliance between Richard the Lionheart and Berengaria of Navarre, later Queen of England. The castle is located Medieval Museum, where among the many exhibits are interesting pottery and tombstones.
Castle that we see today is a reconstruction of the period of Turkish rule in the XIX century. It was built by governor Richard, the French governor of Guy de Lusignan of Cyprus. The castle was destroyed several times by earthquakes and wars, it was used as a prison and a defensive fortress, there was also a church.
According to the assumptions, it was in this church chapel that an alliance was made between Richard and Berengaria, here he declared her Queen of England. From the history of their marriage, it is known that Richard came to the island by chance, making a sea voyage to Jerusalem with his sister John of Sicily and the bride of Berengaria of Navarre. The ship on which the queen was sailing was thrown to the shores of Cyprus during a violent storm. When Richard arrived for his companions, he learned that Isaac Comnenus, the ruler of Cyprus and the hater of all Latin, not only did not help the victims, but also did not allow the queen to go ashore. Enraged Richard punished attacked the island and captured him, and later played his own wedding in Limassol.
The program of the tour of the castle includes a visit to the Museum of the Middle Ages. Collection presented therein exhibits covers a large part of the history of Cyprus, starting with the history of early Christianity (400 year) and ending during the reign of the Turks (1870 AD).
On the ground floor of the museum are photographs of churches and temples Cyprus Byzantine period, as well as sculptures and paintings from the Hagia Sophia in Nicosia.
The exposition presented first floor antique items from the church in Nicosia and Ambrosia: This mural tombstones dating from the XIII-XIV centuries, armor and heraldic symbols of noble families of the time.
The second floor is divided into small rooms. There is an impressive collection of weapons and ammunition found in the Christian stronghold of Tripoli. Pistols, guns, swords and Turkish. Here you can see the collection of jewelry and pottery from different periods. Hence, too, from the second floor staircase leads to the site. From a platform the panorama of the city, and if you climb to the roof of the castle, an overview will be much wider.
AddressSt. Richard and Berengaria (Richard and Berengaria Street).
Getting there: By bus or taxi ride to the old port of Limassol, next to which is the castle.
Hours of operationFrom Monday to Saturday from 9: 00 to 17: 00, on Sunday from 10: 00 to 13: 00.
Phone: (25) 305 419
Limassol District Archaeological Museum is located near the city park. This repository contains the amazing exhibits from the Neolithic period and the Roman Empire, most of which were found during excavations at Kourion, Amathus and other villages in the vicinity of Limassol. Also in the park you can see previously owned Lord Kitchner sundial.
Archaeological Museum with 1951 year was in the castle of Limassol, and after nearly a quarter century was moved to the present building, which consists of three large halls, corridors and atriums.
In the first room of the museum exhibits archaeological relics found in ancient caves in southern Akrotiri Limassol. This subjects the Neolithic (7000-3900 years BC), Chalcolithic (3900-2600 years BC), the Bronze Age (2030-1050 years. BCE) Hellenistic era (325 - 58 yy BC) and the Roman period (58 BC-330 AD. e.). All these ancient objects found near the villages of Cyprus and the surrounding areas, such as the island of Crete. This pottery, pots without ornaments, jars and tools made of stone and stone idols.
Deeply surprised by the skill of the first artisans: even the tools of the bronze period were melted from the alloy of copper, while in a special way decorated and decorated. In this room you can also see simple figures in the form of sacred animals, busts of plaster, glassware and ivory. Many Mycenaean exhibits, such as a clay cup with a delicate thin handle, on which a simple ornament is applied. About the times of the Bronze Age and the Hellenistic era can be judged only by archaeological findings, since written evidence is not preserved. In addition to local Limassol exhibits, there are artifacts found and brought from Amathus and Curio, for example, there are 6 amphoras dating back to 2300 BC.
In the second room as exhibits act decorations come to us from 1700 BC, as well as Roman coins and even antique razors.
The most valuable finds, including the statue of the Egyptian god Bes and the statue of Artemis, discovered in Amathus, are exhibited in the third hall of the museum. Here are the surviving fragments of other divine statues. A huge statue of the Egyptian fertility god - Besa - was found in the square of the ancient city of Amathus, it is a mute confirmation that pagan deities had their admirers also during the Roman rule. Archaeological finds indicate that the culture of Cyprus, despite the isolation of geographical location, influenced and other civilizations, for example, Greek and Egyptian.
Address: Intersection of Lord Vyronos (Lordou Vyronos) and Kanikos (Kannigcos), in the northern part of the city park.
Getting there: Take a taxi or bus from the center of Limassol.
Hours of operation: Monday to Friday from 7: 30 to 17: 00, Saturday from 9: 00 to 17: 00, 10.00 up to 13: 00.
Entrance fee: (50 cents).
Phone: (05) 330-132.
The Catholic Church of St. Catherine was built in 1879 year in Limassol and today represents one of the few Catholic places of worship in Cyprus.
Architect Friar Francescoda Mangidoro from Bologna in the interior of the building used a Baroque style facade, built in the form of a portico, designed in an eclectic style. Arches and walls decorated with frescoes in the apse of the neo-Byzantine style, they were created during the restoration in 1979 year.
Church, towering above the beach at the end of the promenade of Limassol, has two towers. It operates today. Here are held the Mass every day (service): from Monday to Friday in 18.30 (in English and in Greek), on Saturdays at 18.30 (in English); Sunday - 8.00 (in Greek), 9.30 (in Greek), 11.00 (in Latin), 18.30 (in English).
Address: Limassol Street. 28 Oktovpiy (Octovriou), 259.
Phone.: 25 362946.
In the XIX century restored building on rue Saint Andreas is a museum of folk art. Here are collected porcelain, pottery, jewelry, and traditional clothing.
Collection of Cypriot artists of XIX and XX centuries, occupies a total 6 halls. The exposition consists of vintage items such as work tools and utensils, jewelry and folk craftsmen products, for example, net curtains, bedding and blankets, which are traditionally kept in sentoukia - decorative chest dowry for the bride.
AddressSt. St. Andreas (Agiou Andreou), 253.
Phone. 25 30 54 19.
Hours of operationJune-September: up to 8.30 13.00 and 15.00 17.30 up on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays from 8.30 13.00 up on Wednesdays; October-May: up to 8.30 13.00 and 16.00 18.00 up on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays from 8.30 13.00 up on Wednesdays.
Fortification, called Colossus, located in 11 km west of Limassol in the homonymous village. The castle itself was rebuilt in the XV century on the ruins of a medieval fortress of the XIII century. Initially, in 1291 year Crusaders settled here, and in the XIV century, they were replaced by the Knights of St John, known to the world as the Knights of Malta, they are called ion exchangers. They are engaged in the cultivation of sugar cane and grapes. It is believed that the famous Cypriot wine "Commander" has gone from here.
Castle is an example of military architecture, it has a square shape like a tower. This building height 21 meter has narrow embrasures and observation platform from which you can see at a glance the coast. All four walls of the fortress are equal in length, which is outside 16 m, and inside - 13,5 m from earthquakes castle defended structural stability and impressive wall thickness. It is accessible by suspension bridge, long before it was over the ledge, which is scheduled to be poured on the uninvited guests boiling oil or molten lead.
Once inside the fortress, you can see two large rooms, one of which is the sheer size fireplace and staircase, spiral leading to the second floor.
Roof lookout enclosed with battlements, was restored in 1933 year. Unfortunately, the castle premises are empty, its historical past speaks only fresco of the crucifixion, which is located in one of the halls.
Location: In 13 km west of Limassol on the road to Paphos, in the village of Kolossi.
Getting there: Take a taxi or bus from Limassol.
Hours of operationDaily from 07: 30 to 17: 00 (from 07: 30 to 19: 30 summer).
In the village of Episkopi in 14 km west of Limassol is a museum founded in honor of Kourion. Here are exhibited objects found during excavations of the ancient Kourion and nearby places. The museum was given to the first floor two-storey building in the style of folk architecture, which was built in 1937 year. A distinctive feature of this building is a large veranda on the second floor, which stands on three transverse arches, located on the ground floor from the front side of the building.
The upper floor consists of a central hall and two large rooms, which are used as a dormitory for archaeologists, both foreigners and Cypriots working in Kourion.
Showrooms are located on the ground floor in two large rooms, a small room on the west side of the lower floor is the museum curator's office and the long room in the east wing used as a workshop for restoration work.
In the museum you can see all kinds of ceramics, sculpture, various inscriptions, coins and other works of art found in Kourion and its surroundings, as well as in the sanctuary and the necropolis Applona Gilad Agios Germogenis and Kaloriziki. These items are exhibited in the exhibition hall of the west. Among them: the samples restored mosaics, marble cladding and other decorative elements of the early Christian basilica in the form of ceramics, marble statues of Asclepius, Hermes (2 century BC) and other bronze candlestick with Kurionskoy area, as well as coins and other interesting exhibits .
In the exhibition hall of the present east of the sanctuary of Apollo objects, cemeteries and Phaneromeni Bambuly, tombs discovered in the vicinity of Episkopi. Of particular interest are samples of various tools and household utensils of gold and ivory, as well as jewelry and other small finds dating back 1900-1050 years. BC Also eastern hall of the museum is decorated with terracotta figurines, marble statues, amulets made of steatite, which were found in the sanctuary of Apollo Hylates.
All the exhibits are accompanied by brief describing their history texts on small plates and are complemented by a variety of photographs and plans. In the yard and a shed in the backyard kept some finds from the sanctuary of Apollo, and Curio, not included in the main exhibition of the Museum due to severe injuries.
The museum is open every day (except Sundays) from 7-30 to 14-00.
Ancient city-state of Kourion was founded in XII century BC and is one of the most famous attractions of Cyprus. It is believed that it was built by the Greeks involved in the Trojan War. In order to ensure the safety of residents, it was built on 70-meter cliff. However, in the IV century, the city was destroyed in the earthquake, and in the VII century, escaping from the raids of the Arab conquerors, the city last residents left. In the middle of the XIX century, most historical treasures were removed from the island by foreigners.
In the former homes and Roman baths (term) preserved mosaic of fish and birds, which are symbols of early Christianity. This finding suggests that residents Curio Christianity was adopted around the IV century BC. Interesting floor mosaics preserved in nymphs Evstoliya House, the House of Achilles and the House of Gladiators.
Greco-Roman amphitheater Kourion was built in the II century BC and later expanded it 400 years. In 1963 the theater was renovated and converted into a horseshoe towards the sea, today it can accommodate 3,5 thousand spectators. During the summer arranged presentation of a Greek tragedy and concerts.
Long beach with gray-brown sand and pebble beach is below the edge of the archaeological zone at the edge of the bay.
Excavations are open for inspection daily 7.30 19.30 to the summer season, and to 7.30 17.00 between c 1 31 October to May.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the native of Cyprus, composer Anastasia Guy decided to fulfill her cherished dream - to create a wine museum in Cyprus, because here wine is produced for more than five millennia. The museum was decided to establish in the family house of Anastasia, which they have owned for more than a century. The village of Erimi was chosen not accidentally, because it lies at the crossroads of the wine roads of Cyprus, linking the center of Cyprus winemaking Limassol with the famous winemaking villages Omodos and Platres. Another advantage in choosing this village is the fact of its neighborhood, on the one hand, with the ancient settlement of Cyprus - Sotira, where during the excavations scientists found grape stones (the most ancient find of the Mediterranean), and on the other hand, the village of Kolossi, where is the castle of the Crusaders, who gave the name to the most famous and most ancient wine in the world "Commandaria".
Area thereof of three floors of the museum adapted to the exposition of photographs and drawings depicting the history of the Cyprus wine. Vintage jugs and vases, wine vessels from the Middle Ages, ancient documents from the private collection of Anastasia Guy demonstrate how wine is made and kept in the distant past. The fascinating process of wine production and zivania detail tell museum guides.
In another room of the museum presents old tools for the treatment of the vine and wine press, with which the inhabitants of the village of Omodos pressed bunches of ripe grapes. Central exhibits are red wine jug, created by craftsmen of this place at the beginning of the Bronze Age, and measuring jug, which was used in 18-19 centuries. Enormous size terracotta jug for fermentation and storage of wine, dating 1783 year, can be seen in the next room of the museum.
Under the collection gathered by the best wines of Cyprus, given the first floor of the house, and the tasting room is provided "Hilarion". Here you can relax by eating a variety of wines from the white light produced from grapes Ksinestri to deep red varieties of Mavro, ophthalmia and Marafevtiko. The main collection takes place in the Cypriot wine "Commandaria", which Richard the Lionheart called "the wine of kings and queen of wines'. This wine was the only drink at the wedding of Richard Beregariey Navarre, which was held in honor of the feast 12 May 1191 year.
This wine is made from grapes which ripen only in some regions of Cyprus. As if champagne can be called only that the wine produced in the French province of Champagne, everything else just sparkling wines, and "Commander" can be called only wine that is produced only five major wineries of Cyprus (everything else - fake).
Technology of production of "Commander" is very specific, so it is produced only in the state named spetsrayonah. The government controls the entire production cycle, during which from 5 kg of grapes is obtained per liter of wine. Next, it is aged for two years in oak casks. Thereafter, the State Committee for tasting "Commander" takes the sample, and if the wine they like, they write permission for its sale.
It is believed that 1210, when the Order of the Hospital of the King of Cyprus, Hugh I de Lusignan were obtained possession of the land and island villages near Colossus, was built of Grand Commander - Commander's residence and the main command post of the Order. Knights produced wine (very valuable while in Europe) from grapes grown in the area. It was then that wine produced in Cyprus, has been called "Commander".
The fact that the "Commander" was known in Europe, shows the first ever wine competition, held under the auspices of the French king Philip II Augustus 1213 year, as well as "The Feast of the Kings five" held in London in 1362 year.
During the Middle Ages this wine was made for export, because at that time it was the kind of income Cyprus. Nowadays it is used for Communion during the liturgy.
Besides exhibitions museum visitors have the opportunity to watch a movie about all stages of the production of wine, starting with planting vines and ending with bottling. It is worth noting that the film is intended for people of all nationalities, as there is not a single word is not pronounced. History and modernity Cyprus wine appears via video and musical accompaniment, handwritten Anastasia Guy, founder of the museum.
Naturally, the wine museum in Erimi making its invaluable contribution to the development of tourism and culture of Cyprus.
Temple of Apollo Hylates - the abode of God majestic forests, located near the city of Kourion, on the side of the road opposite the Limassol-Paphos. This building dates back to the II century AD.
To date, the building is well preserved. The complex is a typical Cypriot pagan temple. Looking at it, we can distinguish three periods of its construction: Archaic sanctuary, Ptolemaic and Roman sanctuary. In the ancient temple of Apollo Hylates Archaic sanctuary conceals another, built much later and dating from the second half of the first century AD. The complex consists of palaestras, roofed colonnade (stoa), treasury, archaic temenos (sacred place), circular monument, courtyard and the Temple of Apollo.
The vast space housed in a series of colonnades with crumbling walls of buildings and fences. This sanctuary is one of the most significant of the surviving Cyprus arose in VIII century BC. In the Archaic period, this area consisted of a yard, fenced, and a small room. Later this place was built more spacious sanctuary, monuments which already assigned to the Roman period.
Two roads lead to the sanctuary - from the west of Paphos and from the east of Kourion. Visitors come here through the western gate, from which today only the bases of the columns that flanked them in the past were preserved. The gate leads into a large, non-standard form paved courtyard, which was surrounded by various religious buildings. To the left of the gate is a wide partially restored staircase that leads to the so-called north-west building towering on the platform. This building is poorly preserved, you can see its internal layout: on the axis of the building is divided into two elongated rooms, in each of them along the walls there are platforms framed by columns. Under the assumptions of the researchers, these platforms housed vocal sculptures, which were presented as a gift to the god.
Along the south side of the yard stretches monumental Doric portico covering the southern facade of the building. It consists of five equally planned isolated premises. In each of them along the walls stretch low platform built of stone and framed with Doric colonnades. Similar structure of the building with the north suggests that these premises have also been used as a repository for votive gifts.
At the entrance of one of these buildings is the inscription, which read that the premises were built by Emperor Trojans in 101 AD. The so-called South building was restored partially, here Doric colonnade was rebuilt from the slender smooth-columns surmounted by small capitals.
God Apollo was very revered by the Cypriots, which is why for centuries his sanctuary has accumulated a huge number of offerings. By the custom that existed throughout the ancient world, the priests from time to time "cleaned" their treasuries, in order to make room for new gifts. Since the offerings to the deity were considered sacred, they were not allowed to simply throw them away, so they were buried in the designated bogs, which were located in the sanctuary. Here, in the sanctuary of Apollo, there is also such a pit, it is near the eastern gate. During the excavations, vases and a huge amount of terracotta from the 5th century BC and the pre-Roman period were found in it.
Near Botros, opposite the southern building originates narrow street paved with stone slabs, it leads to the very temple of Apollo. Left it fenced low wall, and the right of it is the "House of the priests," where his small rooms adjacent to the square courtyard, facing the street. On the other side of the courtyard are the treasures of the temple premises. Walls listed buildings remained at a considerable height.
Moving along the street to the north, to the temple, visitors pass the fence of the ancient archaic sanctuary. During his excavations, a large number of vases and watery terracottas of the VIII-V centuries BC were found. The street leads directly to the foot of the temple, the miniature dimensions of which are not at all combined with the impressive complex of the entire sanctuary. In this is seen the ancient Cypriot tradition, according to which the center of the sanctuary is not a temple, and the altar, located in the open air, all religious ceremonies were held around it. This altar also existed in the sanctuary of Apollo, but its traces did not survive. It is known only that the altar was highly esteemed by the Cypriots. The Greek writer of the first century of our era tells that a sacrilegious man who dared to insult the altar even with a simple touch to him awaited a terrible execution: he was thrown into the sea from the high cliffs surrounding the shore of the sanctuary.
The Temple of Apollo was a sample of Roman temples of the period. He stood on the podium, which led to the wide staircase. Small Celle preceded by four-column portico. Today from buildings have only foundations.
Sanctuary complex completed two sites located outside the fence.
At the eastern gate (from the direction of Curio) of the sanctuary is a monumental staircase, to which closely adjoin towering over strange double columns denoting the corner of the rectangular courtyard of the palaestra - the building for gymnastics exercises. Gymnastic games in honor of the deity were a characteristic and widespread custom for ancient religion. The palesters existed with all the great sanctuaries of Ancient Greece. The shrine of the sanctuary of Apollo is built according to a typical plan for such structures: its center is an extensive open area of rectangular shape, it is surrounded on all sides by a Doric colonnade. Up to now, from the majority of the columns, only the lower parts have been preserved, in their structure they are similar to the columns of the sanctuary. A distinctive feature of this building are the double corner columns, the drums of which are carved from one stone, the trunks of the columns on the inside are clearly separated, and from the outer - merge, forming a round corner. On both sides of the palestra is surrounded by rooms for rest and changing athletes. They are rather poorly preserved: in places the walls, built of small stones, are seen, from the well-ground stone slabs are the lintels of doors and windows that cut through the walls.
The western wall of undeveloped niche where once stood a statue of an athlete, playing ball, apparently, this game was popular here. This statue was found during excavations and now kept in the museum, and in its place stands a plaster cast.
In the north-west corner at the foot of the columns palaestras stands the majestic stone water jar Valium forms preserved half. Most likely, it was used for washing the athletes after gymnastic exercises. However, the more carefully they could clean up in the baths, which is opposite the building on the other side palaestras Kurionskoy road.
From the building of the baths, consisting of a number of small rooms, as well as from other buildings of the sanctuary, only the foundations have been preserved. These rooms are remarkable for their layout. Entering the waiting room through the vestibule, the visitors of the baths entered the room for undressing, followed by a frigidarium with a pool for cold water, decorated with a mosaic, only passing through it, one could get into a warm room - a tepidarium, occupying two rooms, finally, in the Caldarium - a hot bath. Directly adjacent to it was a room with an oven, from where hot air spread through the building under the floors and through a pipeline laid in the walls.
Its final form, judging by surviving inscriptions complex sanctuary of Apollo adopted during the reign of Emperor Trajan (first century of our time). The sanctuary was destroyed by an earthquake in 364-365 years. BC It then settled ancient herdsmen and some buildings have been partially restored.
Address: Kourion, Limassol
Hours of operationDaily: 08: 00 - 17: 00 (November - March), 08: 00 - 18: 00 (April - mo0y), (September - October), 08: 00 - 19: 30 (June - August).
Work period: all year round
Entrance fee: 1,71 euros
The ruins of this ancient city in Cyprus are located in the area of Limassol, on the coast. Amathus - one of the largest and most populous cities of ancient Cyprus where abundant ore deposits and developed agriculture.
Legend has it that the founder of the city was one of the sons of Hercules. According to another legend, buried here lovely Ariadne, daughter of Minos and wife of Theseus. However, historians believe that Amathus Paphos founded ruler King Kinyras 3000 in BC, the city he named after his mother Amathus.
Archaeological excavations in the area began in 1980 year. The oldest finds are dated 1100 BC. Today you can see the Acropolis fragments (fortress), a few houses, a market area with marble columns, which adorns the spiral pattern, the remains of the city walls, a Byzantine basilica inlaid with precious stones, and the ruins of the port floors, built in 800 BC for Levantine and Greek merchant ships.
The established fact is that Amathus was a place of veneration of Aphrodite - the ruins of the temple of this goddess are located on the top of the mountain, dating back to the 1 century BC. There were also sports games in honor of Adonis, which were called Adonia Salambon, the games were held twice a year. They were accompanied by solemn female chants, reminiscent of the lamentation of Venus, heartbroken because of the death of her beloved Adonis. Then the intonation of singing changed, the women expressed joy and gratitude, as Adonis, as the myth says, comes back to life. Games were competitions of dance, music and hunting.
Relics found here are kept in the Archaeological Museum in Limassol, Cyprus Museum in Nicosia and in the New York Metropolitan Museum. The most valuable find stored in the Louvre, in Paris. This huge stone vase, dating from the VI century BC, it was used for storage of grape must. At the height of it is 1,85 m and a maximum width - 2,2 m, its weight almost 1,5 tons. Vase carved from a block has 4 handles, which are decorated with the heads of bulls.
Location: On the south coast of the island, 11 km east of Limassol and 36 km west of Larnaca.
Hours of operationDaily from June to August with 07: 30 to 19: 30, from September to May with 07: 30 to 17: 00.
Admission is free
This three-nave church is notable for its unique wooden roof, which stood for several centuries. The church walls are decorated with paintings of the Italo-Byzantine style, they are dated 16 first half century.
Church of Panagia Yamatiki located on the outskirts of the village Arakapos. It contains the icon of the Virgin Mary, it is believed that it has the inexplicable power to heal.
Near Limassol, in the Panel Polemidia, it is the church of St. Anastasia. The church consists of two churches. More ancient, cross-domed most likely was built in 12 century, this eastern part of the complex. The western part is the church, which was added in 16 century, it is made in the same architectural style. Extant wall paintings dated 14-15 centuries.
Church of Agia Christina, or St. Christina, located in the village Germasogeya in Limassol. This little church, built in 12 century, has a flat roof. It was restored several times, and during the recent restoration work under a thick layer of plaster were found murals 14-15 centuries, which have also been restored. When the church opened the church museum where exhibited different church utensils.
Monastery of Agios Georgios Alamanos is close to the highway Nicosia - Limassol. It was built in 12 century, and it was originally a monastery, but today there is a convent. Nuns, besides religious rituals, iconography involved, breeding flowers and herbs, as well as beekeeping and honey production.
Monastery and its new church built in the Byzantine style, can not be called a work of art, with all this will be interesting to see the life of the nuns. Near the church is a lovely cafe where often pass plays and concerts. Here you are always welcome welcoming hosts and good food.
Jami Kebir mosque is located opposite Limasssolskoy fortress and today is serving. Once this mosque filled the huge number of Muslim Turks, but today is a place visited by a small number of believers. Sometimes you can see tourists Arabs.
If this church is closed during the day, you only need to ask the old Turkish woman to open it, and the need to donate a small symbolic sum for the improvement of the temple. At the entrance definitely need to take off your shoes and women must cover their heads to enter.
At the beginning of the IV century south-east of the salt lake by Emperor Constantine on the Akrotiri Peninsula was founded men's monastery in honor of St. Nicholas. Later, she will be called Gaton (Cat ") for a huge number of people living on its territory and around cats. According to legend, cats were brought here the same Elena. Coming back from the Holy Land in 327 year, she stopped in the bay and the peninsula was overwhelmed by the sheer number of venomous snakes lived here.
The historian of the Middle Ages, Stefan Lusignan, in his book (1580 year) claimed that one of the main results of the Cyprus odyssey of the Queen of Helen - the mother of the Byzantine emperor Constantine - was the annexation of Cyprus to Antioch, the province of the Eastern Roman Empire, and the appointment of Patricia Kalokeros as the first Byzantine ruler of the island. After a year, Kalokeros, obeying the order of the Emperor Constantine, built the monastery of St. Nicholas in the village of Akrotiri. For the devotion and service zeal of Culocera, Saint Helena entrusted him to patronize the cats, which she specially brought from Egypt and Asia Minor.
Cat of the Gentiles - a magical animal. It is known that the Egyptians it is a symbol of the moon and the night sacraments accompanying moon goddess Diana, who helped, according to the ancient Romans, women in childbirth. Cat was a great hunter, able to save the island from the terrible scourge - a catastrophic breeding venomous snakes that had made some areas of the island uninhabitable.
Even today, snakes can suddenly remind themselves of themselves, sticking out a hissing head from the grass or creeping across the road in front of your car, wading through the narrow winding highways in the highlands of Cyprus. And during the reign of Kalokhreus, monks, whom the Byzantine governor delegated to take care of cats, warned the future discovery of physiologist I. Pavlov, began to develop a conditioned reflex in cats. At the order of the governor, they gave cats only poisonous snakes at a set time, calling the ward to a meal with the help of bells. Cats ran from all around, proving once again that "hunger is not an aunt," and a holy bell ringing is heard not only by God.
Sika serpents were even a curiosity even in the Middle Ages, and travelers to the Cyprus monastery from all over the world wishing to see the cats solemnly rushing to dinner under the sound of the monastery bell. In gratitude, the governor allowed the monks on the day of St. Nicholas to fish in the lake, which was strictly forbidden to other residents. This order was maintained until 1200 years. Further, the monastery and cats were destined to survive a lot of adversity. It is noteworthy that the famous martyrology of the victims of the Turkish occupation of 1570 includes not only the names of the dead people, but also the cats of St. Nicholas.
During the reign of the English, the monastery was closed and reborn, but already as a woman in 1983, when two nuns, Elbida and Kasiahini, came to the ruined abode. They not only rebuilt the monastery from scratch, using the stones of an ancient monastery, but planted and raised new beautiful gardens, thereby turning a small monastery into a pilgrimage place for many Christians. There are a small number of nuns who, in addition to traditional obediences, take care of cats brought here from all over the island. Cats still feel like the true masters of the monastery and its environs, carrying with honor their hard "service" and rescuing people from gods themselves rejected by snakes.
The monastery is preserved stone temple XV century, its main entrance is decorated with a mosaic manner Nicholas.
Today, the oldest theater of Limassol - Patihione, put musicals, drama and ballet performances. Foundation Nikos and Despina Pattihipriobrel theater, rebuilt and re-opened it in 1986 year. Limassol Municipality theater sponsorship assistance. It is able to accommodate up to 760 spectators, and for his backstage dressing room arranged for 80 actors. In recent years, the theater advocate Vienna Philharmonic Theatre, Athens Chamber music ensemble, the Moscow "Vivaldi okestr" Paris Jazz and ballet art.
Address: Agias Zonis.
Phone. 25 34 33 41